The example page below shows that ideas in this bank of handouts are illustrated, not simply stated as equations. In this example, a contingency chart of representative scenarios illustrates coincidences between net force and acceleration, including some scenarios that are consistent with Newton's 1st and 2nd laws and also including some scenarios inconsistent with Newton's 1st and 2nd laws. After guiding students through these example scenarios feature-by-feature, the broad and fine structure of the relationship between net force and acceleration can be summarized using the mathematical statements of Newton's 1st and 2nd laws at the bottom of the page.

How to access: (Please use the navigation panel on David's website to scroll to the listing of algebra-based physics handouts).

Link added by: David Liao (author)

Date link added: 2017 July 26

License: Open-source (CC-BY-SA), free collection of lecture sheets

I wrote and illustrated these sheets for my tutoring students. I needed to be efficient to compress each ~week of content into 1-2 hours of tutoring. I also needed to give my students conceptual understanding that cannot be obtained by merely staring at equations. To address both of these needs, I prepared a series of detailed illustrations.

Highlights

Ideas remain neatly organized when handouts are printed.

Meanings for many mathematical relationships are illustrated (e.g. almost a page of illustrations showing what it means for change in momentum to depend on force and on duration of application of force precedes the mathematical statement of the impulse-momentum change theorem).

Includes forms students can fill out to organize first principles and to distinguish physics definitions from "everyday language" definitions before they attempt homework.

Includes a detailed inventory of AP Physics 1/2 style free-response question types that can be used to guide generation of AP Physics 1/2-style classroom exam questions (inventory has not been updated to account for 2017 FRQs yet).

The inventory of AP Physics 1/2 FRQ types is annotated (red text) with descriptions of possible strategies for answering questions logically. Reading the suggested strategies for the paragraph length response question type should help to reduce the frequency with which one responds to scoring guidelines wondering, "how on Earth is anyone supposed to know to mention X, Y, and Z? How do I know that that's what the they wanted?"

Includes a guide for brainstorming physics scenarios to use for exam questions.

Links to free textbooks by Benjamin Crowell. Titles include: Light & Matter, Simple Nature, Mechanics, Conceptual Physics, Calculus, General Relativity

## Open Source / Free Online TextBooks:

## Algebra-Based Textbook Options:

Open-source(CC-BY-SA),freecollection of lecture sheetsefficientto compress each ~week of content into 1-2 hours of tutoring. I also needed to give my studentsconceptual understandingthat cannot be obtained by merely staring at equations. To address both of these needs, I prepared a series of detailed illustrations.Meaningsfor many mathematical relationships are illustrated (e.g. almost a page of illustrations showing what it means for change in momentum to depend on force and on duration of application of force precedes the mathematical statement of the impulse-momentum change theorem).(inventory has not been updated to account for 2017 FRQs yet).## Calculus-Based Textbook Options:

https://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physicsEverything ScienceOpen-source(CC-BY-SA),freecollection of lecture sheets